Oklan BT Liunokas, SKM, M.Sc
Polytechnic of Health in Kupang, Nursing Study Program of Waingapu,
Jl. Adam Malik number 126, Kambajawa, Waingapu, East Sumba, NTT
Disasters are a series of life-threatening and life-threatening events caused by both natural, non-natural and human factors so resulting in human casualties, environmental damage, property losses, and psychological impacts. The purpose of this study is to Know the Overview of Community Knowledge, the socialization of BNPB officers, population preparedness and health promotion carried out for coastal and urban areas in the face of natural disasters. This type of research uses an observational approach with cross sectional design. This research was conducted from September to November 2019. The population of this study were all residents in 6 (six) villages in East Sumba district, which totaled 14672 residents. The sampling technique uses random sampling with a total of 43 respondents per village. The results showed that the description of public knowledge, is in the category of “Very Good” ‘. Description of BNPB Officer Socialization, Descriptive analysis results show that the socialization variable is of Very Poor value with a total score / Yx150 = 405/750 x 100 = 45.00%. Variable community preparedness with the very important category and value analysis of the score / Yx150 = 623/750x 100 = 82.07% this it means to show that the preparedness variable is very important for the community’s own readiness. Overview of health promotion in the category of “Not done Result analysis of the total score / Yx150 = 352/750x 100 = 46, 93%. Conclusion is very good knowledge about natural disaster preparedness of coastal and urban communities in east sumba district, socialization by BNPB officers is still minimal, community preparedness is very good and has not gone well with health promotion by health workers about natural disaster preparedness in coastal and urban communities in the region East Sumba.
Keywords: Knowledge, socialization, preparedness and health promotion, natural disasters