1Imas Imama | 2Rudi Wibowo | 3Dewi Rokhmah
1Master of Public Health Education, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia),
2Director of Programmes, Master of Public Health Education, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia)
3 Public Health Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health Education, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia)
One of characteristics of developing country was low health problem. In Indonesia, the low condition of health was identified by the high rate of mortality on mother. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015, it has been reported that the prevalence of anemia on pregnant mother in the world was approximately 41,8%, while in 2018 it was approximately 48,9% anemia cases on pregnant mother especially in Indonesia. The general aim of this research was to analyze the effects between predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, and enabling factors which could cause the incident of anemia on pregnant mother in Indonesia. This research was quantitative research, which exerted analytic observational research design and cross sectional research method. The research population was taken from the pregnant women in their first until third trimester in regional area of Puskesmas Wonosobo and Puskesmas Bajulmati as many as 85 and 146 pregnant women, and the total sample of 85 and 146 respondents. The technique of data sampling was total sampling and multivariate analysis process. The research finding showed that the most effective variables from socio-cultural aspect and Lawrence Green behavior theory to the anemia incident on pregnant mother in Puskesmas Wonosobo were variable of knowledge with P value 0,008 and role of cadre in Puskesmas Bajulmati with p value 0,002.
Keywords: Anemia, Pregnant mother, Behavior Theory