Farianingsih1 | Isa Ma’rufi2 | Dewi Rokhmah3
Background: Programs in the framework of accelerating the reduction of stunting in Indonesia, including in Lumajang Regency, but the results obtained are still not optimal, some obstacles include ineffective stunting prevention programs and ineffective allocation and utilization of resources and funding sources. The purpose of this study was analyze the role of government and community participation in stunting prevention in Lumajang Regency. Research methods: Qualitative research through a Case Study approach (case study) which was conducted in two Sub Districts in Lumajang Regency. The research informants consisted of key informants namely the head of the Puskesmas, the main informants namely mother with stunting infants and additional informants were stakeholders related to stunting countermeasures. Data processing and analysis used the Thematic Content Analysis method (content analysis).
Results: The role of government in overcoming stunting was less than optimal, this was due to among others the intervention from the Puskesmas that was not optimal, intervention from stakeholders that was not optimal, budgeting for stunting was still not optimal, cross-sectoral cooperation was not optimal, counseling about stunting was not optimal and the Village Government / Kelurahan and related stakeholders had not been optimal in overcoming stunting. Community participation was needed in overcoming stunting. The acceleration of stunting countermeasures must synergize all available resources. Community participation at this time was still lacking, among others: the role of community organizations in dealing with stunting was still minimal, counseling on issues of suboptimal nutrition, from the role of mothers there was no effort so that children’s nutrition was fulfilled and there was no accompaniment by cadre’s / mass organizations / PKK.
Conclusions and Recommendations: The role of government and community participation is still not optimal. The role of the government that has not been optimal is the intervention of the Puskesmas and stakeholders in overcoming stunting, cross-sectoral cooperation in overcoming stunting and regarding lack of nutrition education. The lack of community participation is that community organizations such as PKK / Aisyiyah / Muslimat have not carried out activities in stunting countermeasures and there has also been no assistance by PKK / Aisyiyah / Muslimat. Suggestions for the Lumajang Regency Government are expected to form a stunting Management Team from the Regency to the Village level, integrated planning and budgeting from each related sector and stated in the Regional Action Plan for stunting prevention and is also expected to increase education to the community, stakeholders and community organizations regarding stunting and the problem.
Keywords: Community participation, Stunting, The role of government