Authors: 1David Ackah, PhD. | 2Amina Sammo | 3Stephen K. Hammond, DBA
1Community & Economic Development Department, Akamai University, USA
2Social Service Department, Ministry of Zongo & Inner City Development, Ghana
3Project Management Unit, Ghana Commercial Bank Ltd
Women empowerment has become a concern on the international arena. There have been several methods being adopted with the aim to allow women engage in social, economic and political aspects of the economy. Studies have identified entrepreneurship as a useful tool to foster women empowerment and hence the promotion of entrepreneurship skills has become a prominent approach in modern development efforts. Ghana is experiencing a situation where women constitutes majority of the informal labour force and are widely engaged in micro-business activities. This inspired the research study aimed at assessing ways entrepreneurship skills can contribute to increased economic, social and political power among female entrepreneurs in rural communities in Ghana, such as the case of Offinso Municipal. This research was carried out in 60 rural communities in the Offinso Municipal where some rural communities were selected due to accessibility to the communities. Women were questioned on which entrepreneurial skills they exhibit in their daily activities. The study adopted primary and secondary data gathering and used open and closed questionnaires. 600 respondents were selected randomly from all sectors of the economy and interviewed in the municipal. Studies have identified personal skills, decision making and managerial skills as the right tool behind entrepreneurial skills development. Respondents were interviewed on the following attributes of these three entrepreneurial skills which respondents answered questions to their best understanding. Respondents were also interviewed on any external factors that inhibit the growth of women empowerment. The conclusions drawn from this study is that all rural communities in the Offinso Municipal lack adequate entrepreneurship skills. The women were seen exhibiting low personal skills, decision making, and managerial skills which as a result has contributed immensely to the poor growth of empowerment. From the regression all entrepreneurial skills analysed depicted low percentage. It was also identified that some forms of external factors contribute negatively to women empowerment. These external factors are beyond the control of women in the Offinso Municipal. The study recommended policy frameworks which government will have to follow to help empower women in the Offinso Municipality. With adequate training and educational programmes the entrepreneurial skills of these women in the Offinso Municipal will meet average standard and go a long way in improving their livelihood.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Empowering Women, Rural Communities