Authors: 1Tiar Erawan, 2Catharina U. Wahjuni, 3Rachmat Hargono
1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Indonesia.
2Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Indonesia
3Department of Health Behavior, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Indonesia
Health issue concerning with elementary students who were school-aged children were susceptible in suffering posture abnormalities. Several previous studies had shown that there was a posture change that was caused by over load of backpack. The posture also could change due to the way of carrying the backpack which was not ergonomic. Furthermore, this research aimed at knowing the influence of the types and the loads of backpack which was used by elementary students against scoliosis. The design of this research was cross sectional research. The subjects of this research were 4th, 5th, and 6th grade of students who studied at Perumnas IV Elementary School Makassar. The students were examined by using a skitlot for determining the scoliosis. Types of backpack, body weight, and the load of backpack were recorded for data processing. The results showed that there was no significant correlation between types of backpack (p = 0.314) and load of backpack (p = 0.808) and the occurrence of scoliosis.
Keywords: Backpack types, Backpack loads, Scoliosis, Elementary students